Diversity of Citizenship，指“不同公民身份管辖”、“跨州案件”，一种司法权，赋予联邦法院（Federal Court）审理案件的权力，其依据是：诉讼当事人来自不同的州；涉及的金额通常超过1万美元。这是为了减少跨州案件的当事人在外州遭受歧视。
Diversity of Citizenship：A kind of jurisdiction giving a federal court the power to hear a case based upon the fact that (a)the parties to the litigation are from different states, and (b) the amount of money involved exceeds theamount usually $ 10, 000.Pursuant to Article Ⅲ, section 2 of the U.S.Constitution,and the federalJudicial Code.
The United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico functions in Puerto Rico with limited jurisdiction and can be reached only for cases under United States federal law or cases where there is diversity of State citizenship, that is, when a citizen of one State sues a citizen from another State.
Considering that the name of an individual is a fundamental aspect of the cultural and ethnic identity and that personal histories, including date and place of birth, are also part of this identity, the Committee strongly recommends that the State party take the necessary measures to ensure that Khmer Krom who seek to confirm their citizenship fully enjoy their rights to record their true name and place of birth if they so choose.
Most matters relating to international arbitration are handled in the federal courts, but in the event an action is initiated in state court and not removed to federal court, the state courts (which are among the best funded in the country, with judicial pay in the top quintile of states) also have a consistent track record of pro-arbitration rulings.